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[40 DAY LENTEN] Day 40: Holy Saturday "It is finished."

Apr 04, 2015 08:09 AM EDT


Day 40: Holy Saturday
"It is finished."
John 19:28;30

28 Later, knowing that all was now completed, and so that the Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, "I am thirsty."
29 A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus' lips.
30 When he had received the drink, Jesus said, "It is finished." With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

Knowing that all was now completed, and so that "the Scripture would be fulfilled", Jesus said, "I am thirsty." and received the wine vinegar. All his acts including his birth, his life, and his passion were "the fulfillment of the Scripture." In other words, the prophesies and will of God were fulfilled through the life of Christ. John records that they soaked a sponge in a jar of wine vinegar, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus' lips. Jesus received the drink. The hyssop in the Old Testament is used in the Passover ceremony (Exodus 12:22) and in purificatory ritual (Numbers 19:6, 18; Psalms 51:7). The spirit of death passed over the households of the Jews whose doorpost was sprinkled with the blood of lambs. The Jews also used the hyssop to purify those who touched a dead body or grave. John wished to testify that just as the blood of lambs saved the chosen people of God, the blood of Jesus, defectless lamb of God will save the life of the world and his blood will cleanse our sin. We must remember that when we believe that the death of Jesus is our true Passover and trust in the power of his precious blood, our sin will be burned away.

After all things have happened, the last proclamation of Jesus on the cross was "It is finished!" Spurgeon said of the word, tetelestai"It would need all the other words that ever were spoken, or ever can be spoken, to explain this one word. It is altogether immeasurable. It is high; I cannot attain to it. It is deep; I cannot fathom it."

This was not the despairing cry of a helpless martyr; it was not an expression of satisfaction that the termination of his sufierings was now reached; it was not the last gasp of a wornaout life. No, rather was it the declaration on the part of the Divine Redeemer that all for which he came from heaven to earth to do, was now done; that all that was needed to reveal the full character of God had now been accomplished; that all that was required by the law before sinners could be saved had now been performed;  that the full price of our redemption was now paid.

This moment was not the moment of failure but of consummation in Jesus' life. The Lord proclaimed to the world in a loud voice, "I have fulfilled all things. I have accomplished the work the Father gave me to do! (John 17:4)"

John says that Jesus leaned back his head and gave up his spirit after this declaration of victory. The word that John uses is the word which might be used for settling back upon a pillow. As a complete master of his own destiny the Lord laid his life of his own accord, not that anyone took it away from him (John 10:18). Now the tierce strife of long and yet short life of 33 years of Jesus was over and the battle was perfectly won. After having completed his task from God, he now leans back and enters into the rest, content and at peace. Now he commits his spirit to the hands of the Father and passed away.

"Jesus called out with a loud voice, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit." When he had said this, he breathed his last(Luke 23:46)."


1. Summarize today's message in your own words.
2. Explain the meaning of this statement based on today's message: The remarks on this verse (John 19:30) by Augustinus of the fourth century are most appropriate. "Not against His will did the Saviour's spirit leave the esh, but because He would, and when He would, and how He would. Who is there that even can go to sleep when he will, as Jesus did when He would? Who thus puts off his clothes, when he will, as Jesus unclothed Himself when He would? Who goes thus out of doors when he will, as Jesus, when He would, went out of this world?" 
3. Based on the accounts of John, for 40 days, we have meditated the last three days of Jesus' acts on earth beginning from the scene of footwashing of the disciples in the upper room to that of his passing away. The last three days of Jesus is culminated on the cross. Explain the meaning of the cross of Jesus Christ based on the messages so far.4. How can I apply the lessons from today's message into my life?


The Jews were saved from the spirit of death when they placed the blood of lambs. In the same way, we have realized once again that as we believe the power of Jesus' blood and place it inside us, we can be crossed over from death to life. As the Lord died on the cross of curse, he gave life for us. Therefore the cross is not shame but glory; it is not despair but hope. 

The holy life of the Lord was completed by the declaration of perfect victory, "It is finished!" Just like the one who has finished all his hard labor and is going to bed, the Lord had completed the commission given by God and went to sleep on the cross as he was going to the heart of God. Thank you for the grace that allowed us complete this 40 day Bible study. May we always look at the cross of the precious blood (of the Lord). May we be true disciples who walk together the way of the cross following the Lord's footsteps. In Jesus' name, Amen.